Author Archives: Tom Lehmann

Yeast performance

Tom Lehmann

Which yeast provides the best crust flavor?   Q: Between instant dry yeast (IDY), active dry yeast (ADY) and compressed yeast (CY), which one provides the best flavor to the crust and why? A: This question has come up many times over the years. Back in the early 1980s I did a comprehensive study onMore »

Dough Doctor: Get Wet

pour water, into mixer, dough

Does water temperature really matter?   Q: I have heard you speak several times at Pizza Expo and I’ve heard you make reference to the need to control finished dough temperature. How do you know what temperature water to use to get the dough temperature you’re looking for? A: The reason why I reference finishedMore »

Dough Doctor: Hearth-baked taste

Tom Lehmann

Can you get a deck-oven taste from your conveyor? Q: We are new to air-impingement ovens, and I now want to begin developing a hearth-baked type of pizza. We have done some testing but all that we have been able to make is a crust that is crispy — it still doesn’t have the desiredMore »

Dough Doctor: Thick crust is par-fect

Pan pizza, International Pizza Challenge

Dough Doctor breaks down how to achieve an ideal par-baked crust Q: We are thinking of adding thick-crust pizza to our menu. What is your take on using a par-baked crust? A: If a par-baked crust ever had a place where it excelled, this would be it. I can’t think of a better application forMore »

Dough Doctor: Dough Management 101

dough balls

From start to finish, a sound process ensures a consistent final product   Q: I’m new to the pizza industry and I’ve heard you mention “dough management” in your articles and presentations, but I don’t understand exactly what it is. A: Dough management encompasses everything you do with or to the dough from the timeMore »

Dough Doctor: Staging ingredients impacts dough

2013 March: Dough Doctor

Q: I’ve seen any number of different ways in which the dough ingredients are staged/ added into the mixing bowl. Is there really a difference, or is it a case of just whatever you are taught to use? A: I think some ingredient staging procedures can actually cause harm to the dough while others mayMore »

Dough Doctor: Dough balling, yeast and crust color

2012 November: Dough Doctor

Q: What is the best way to determine if my dough has been correctly mixed? A: While I don’t think there is a level of dough/ gluten development that is correct for all pizza doughs, I do think that for the vast majority of pizzeria operators mixing the dough just until it takes on aMore »

Dough Doctor: Water Works

add_water_7943 to mixer

Does the water you use really impact your dough that much?   Q: How does water quality impact my dough? A: Various aspects of the water can impact the dough in different ways. For example, iron in the water can react with many oxidative dough strengtheners such as ascorbic acid or azodicarbonamide (ADA) and, toMore »